Dictionaries and legislation define that farm animals include:
valuable fur-bearing animals,
Cattle (cattle), in turn, are “four-legged domestic farm animals”. Dal explains this concept in more detail — “the General name of domestic and farm animals: horse, cow, camel, sheep, goat, deer, and others. But, as of old, so to this day, for the most part, oxen and cows.”
The term “Farm animals” usually includes various species and breeds of mammals, birds, fish and other aquatic animals, as well as insects kept in specialized non-residential premises in order to obtain primarily the products of life from representatives of bred animals.
Farm animals are most often kept in specialized non-residential premises (stables, corrals, sheds, stables, pigsties, cowsheds, rabbit houses, livestock buildings, farms, barns, barnyards, poultry houses, apiaries, and so on).
The horse is highly susceptible to infectious and non-infectious diseases.
Everyone who is related to horses should know that the treatment of a horse is the business of a veterinarian; however, you should be able to identify the sick animal in a timely manner and provide first aid.
It is also important to know the list of established preventive veterinary treatments and the requirements in this area for registration of documents when exporting horses from the farm.
Infectious viral diseases of horses, in addition to those described in this section (influenza, rhinopneumonia, infectious anemia), also include: viral arthritis, encephalomyelitis, African plague, rabies, and smallpox. These diseases are relatively rare in our country.
Infectious diseases caused by bacteria include: MYT, tetanus, leptospirosis and extremely severe, but practically not found in our country, glanders and anthrax.
In order to prevent the spread of the most dangerous infectious diseases in our country, there is a procedure according to which all movements of horses can only be carried out under strict veterinary control with the issuance of special veterinary certificates, which must indicate the results of tests for glanders, accidental disease and infectious anemia, as well as information about vaccinations against influenza, leptospirosis and anthrax.
If horses are vaccinated annually against leptospirosis, there is no need to test their blood for this disease when buying and selling, transporting, traveling to exhibitions, competitions, etc.it is desirable to vaccinate, also annually, against equine flu, microsporia and trichophytia (ringworm).
Breeding horses used for breeding must be vaccinated annually against rhinopneumonia, also called viral abortion. Once every 2-3 years, they are vaccinated against tetanus, and in areas that are not affected by rabies, they are vaccinated against rabies once every 3 years.