Beekeeping is the maintenance of bee colonies, usually in artificial hives , by people. Most of these bees are honey bees of the genus Apis , but other honey-producing bees are also found, such as Melipona bees without sting. A beekeeper (or beekeeper) keeps bees to collect their honey and other products that the hive produces ( including beeswax , propolis , flower pollen , bee pollen, and Royal jelly ), to pollinate crops, or produce bees for sale to other beekeepers. The place where the bees are kept is called an apiary or “bee yard”.
The main product that a person receives from bees is honey. Taking into account the development of technology, people have replaced this product with artificial honey, but natural honey cannot be replaced in terms of its value and medicinal qualities. Natural honey is rich in various nutrients and vitamins. It plays a huge role in the assimilation process. There are many varieties of honey.
They differ in their origin. The most common are flower and fall honey, sugar and sweet fruit varieties. In addition, honey is also classified according to the type of plant that the bees collected pollen from to produce honey. Among the variety of copper varieties, one of the best is considered to be light honey and buckwheat, dark (pollen is collected from the meadows of the highlands).
Wax is considered the second most important after the main product of beekeeping – honey. It has a huge number of bactericidal properties. Its properties have found a place in medicine. Wax is used to treat burns and cuts, skin diseases, and ulcers. Bees start producing wax at about 12 days of age. By this time, they have special glands that produce this product.
In order to get 1 kilogram of wax, you will need at least 3.5 kilograms of honey. The wax contains more than 300 chemical elements. Among them, only esters make up about 70-75 percent, and carbons contain from 11 to 18 percent. In addition to the above, the wax contains mineral and aromatic substances, vitamin “A” and carotenoids. Wax is used not only in medicine, but also in cosmetology. It is part of a number of cosmetics.
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